Over the years, celebrities such as Robert Wagner, Alex Trebek and Fred Thompson have touted reverse mortgages as a way to supplement a senior’s fixed income by tapping equity that has accrued in their home. But here’s another, less common use of reverse mortgages that these celebrities may not have mentioned in their commercials: buying a new home. And in some cases, seniors can still hold on to their old homes, too.
In 2009, the Federal Housing Administration introduced a new product called the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage for Purchase, or HECM, that allows older Americans to buy a new home by putting a reverse mortgage on it. So far, the product has been little used.
From October 2013 through June 2014, 40,512 reverse mortgages were originated, according to the FHA. But only 3.3 percent of those were used to buy another home.
“It’s new and just catching on,” says Peter Bell, president and CEO of the National Reverse Mortgage Lenders Association. “I recommend to all seniors that if they are age-eligible and considering purchasing a home, they should at least look at the option.”
Who can use a reverse mortgage?
A reverse mortgage is a type of mortgage in which a homeowner can borrow money against the value of his or her home. No repayment of the mortgage (principal or interest) is required until the borrower dies or the home is sold.
But reverse mortgages aren’t for everyone. In fact, they were specifically designed for older Americans whose net worth was tied up in the homes they already owned. Seniors can use a reverse mortgage to purchase a new home, too, while keeping their existing one.
“Some seniors may want to live closer to family but don’t want to give up their original home,” says Maggie O’Connell, reverse mortgage specialist at ReverseMortgageStore.com. “It could work well for snowbirds or those who want to live in a state with no taxes on income or retirement funds.”
Below are some key points you’ll want to know about reverse mortgages before signing up for one.
Borrower requirements under HECM for Purchase to get a reverse mortgage are:
- The minimum age is 62 years old.
- Borrowers must own the property outright or have a considerable amount of equity in it.
- The home must be the borrower’s primary residence.
- The borrower must be able to pay the home’s property taxes, insurance premiums, homeowner association dues and any other ongoing property costs.
- The borrower must have no delinquent federal debt.
The property must pass certain requirements, such as meeting all FHA standards and flood requirements.
Types of eligible dwellings under HECM for Purchase:
- Single-family homes.
- Two- to four-unit homes with one unit occupied by the borrower.
- Condominiums approved by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
- FHA-approved manufactured homes.
Any new construction requires a certificate of occupancy, the reverse mortgage association’s Bell says. Right now, you cannot get reverse mortgages on homes that are to be built by a developer, he says.
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